By Martin R. Zammit
This paintings doesn't objective to be an etymological dictionary of Qur'anic Arabic, nor does it try and recommend a few new genetic type of the Semitic languages. relatively, it bargains insights into the inner lexical relationships attested in a couple of Semitic forms inside Qur'anic Arabic (seventh century AD). The paintings is predicated on a quantitative research of a considerable corpus of the Arabic lexicon on the way to investigating lexical relationships inside of a couple of Semitic languages. Qur'anic Arabic is the resource of a lexical mass comparability workout concerning Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Phoenician, Epigraphic South Arabian and Ge'ez. additionally, the lexical hyperlinks pointed out during this examine are in themselves linguistic signs of a number of the levels of cultural proximity characterising some of the Semitic languages.
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Extra resources for A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic
7 Versteegh 1997: 23. 8 Bulliet 1975: 86 states that during the Assyrian period, the camel-breeding Arabs lacked the means to control the caravan trade. Their military insignificance rendered them ". . " 5 THE QUR'ANIC TEXT 31 II had overcome the ancient Arab tribes of Tamud, Ibadid, Marsimani, and Hayapa. C. 10 In the Babylonian revolts against the Assyrian Assurbanipal, the ancient Arabs sided with the Babylonians. C. C. 13 Not much is known about the ancient Arabs' linguistic background. Undoubtedly, some nomadic tribes were Aramaic-speaking.
18 Meanwhile, the prestige of Arabic in early comparative Semitic studies was greatly enhanced by Schultens' claims published in his Dissertatio theologico-philosophica de utilitate linguae arabicae in interpretanda sacra lingua (1706). 19 This emphasis on the prestige of Arabic dealt a significant blow to Hebrew which, till then, had been unchallenged in its primacy among the rest of the Semitic languages. The impetus given to archaeological studies during the last century, coupled with the progress registered in Phoenician and Akkadian research as well as the discovery of Ugaritic during the first part of this century constituted a most welcome bonanza for Semitic studies in general and for comparative Semitic research in particular.
61 This means that a distinction has to be made between words like bab 'door' and burg 'a tower, sign of the Zodiac'. 63 It is in this spirit that reference is made to them in chapter 3, namely as reliable indicators of the ancient Arabs' cultural contacts with contiguous Semitic peoples. 58 Leslau 1988: 15^16 states that "The meaning of a root lies in the consonants, the vowels serving to express shades of the basic meaning. " Sawyer 1967: 48-49 warns against the risk of overstressing the importance of root-meaning whilst ignoring what he calls 'overtones' which a particular word might acquire through consistent usage in certain contexts.
A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic by Martin R. Zammit