Advances in Parasitology, Volume 84 by D. Rollinson (Eds.) PDF

By D. Rollinson (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0128000996

ISBN-13: 9780128000991

First released in 1963, Advances in Parasitology comprises entire and updated experiences in all parts of curiosity in modern parasitology.

Advances in Parasitology contains scientific reports on parasites of significant impact, akin to Plasmodium falciparum and trypanosomes. The sequence additionally includes reports of extra conventional parts, reminiscent of zoology, taxonomy, and lifestyles background, which form present pondering and purposes.

Eclectic volumes are supplemented by way of thematic volumes on a variety of issues, together with keep an eye on of human parasitic ailments and international mapping of infectious illnesses. The 2012 influence issue is 3.778.

* Informs and updates on all of the most recent advancements within the box * Contributions from best experts and specialists

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1959), Leger (1959, unpubl. in Berenger, 1984), Dejean (1960), Garde et al. (1961), Boissiere et al. (1961), Guyot (1962), Leng-Levy et al. (1965), Arlet et al. (1966), Aubertin et al. (1966), Domart et al. (1967), Bothier et al. (1968), Coulaud et al. (1970), Saimot et al. (1971), Gil et al. (1970), Lefevre et al. (1970), Domart et al. 1 Human fascioliasis reports including cases showing minor or major neurological manifestations and/or ocular manifestations in Europe—cont'd No. of cases presenting with Country of infection Major No.

2006a) Venezuela 3 3 1 0 3 Bello (1916), Mendoza (1922), Torrealba (1922) Brazil 3 3 0 1 2 Pereira Igreja et al. (2004), Coral et al. (2007) Mexico 1 0 1 0 1 Sanchez Vega et al. (2001) Guatemala 1 0 1 1 2 Aguilar et al. (1967, 1968) Cuba 2 0 2 0 1 Kouri et al. (1938) United States 1 1 0 0 1 MacLean and Graeme-Cook (2002) Hawaii 2 1 1 0 1 Stemmermann (1953) 2 1 1 0 2 Unpubl. in Prociv et al. e. sometimes data were not sufficiently explicit as to reach a conclusion). b Eight cases with only minor neurological symptoms after metronidazole posttreatments.

Gigantica usually infects sheep, goat, cattle and buffalo, and also camel, pig, horse, donkey, and several wild animals (Mas-Coma, 2004; Mas-Coma and Bargues 1997). The two Fasciola species use specific freshwater snail species of the family Lymnaeidae as intermediate hosts or vectors in their life cycles. F. hepatica and F. , 2001; Mas-Coma, 2004). Their two-host life cycle is similar and takes about 14–23 weeks, comprising four phases (Mas-Coma, 2004; Mas-Coma and Bargues 1997): (A) the presence of fluke adults in the mammal liver and production of eggs Neurological and Ocular Fascioliasis in Humans 33 reaching the external milieu via the bile and intestine; the definitive host is infected by ingestion of metacercariae; in humans, the flukes attain sexual maturity in 3–4 months; (B) the long resistance phase of the egg and the short active phase of the miracidium allow for the transit between definitive host and snail vector; eggs shed with mammal faeces continue their development in freshwater; (C) after miracidium penetration, sporocyst, redial generations, and cercariae develop inside the snail, until cercarial shedding into water; the prepatent period, of around 38–86 days, depends on temperature, higher temperatures reducing the period; (D) a short swimming phase of cercaria and a long resistance phase of metacercaria allow for the transit between snail and mammal; cercariae swim until contacting a solid surface, mostly leaves of water plants above or below the waterline, to attach and encyst; metacercarial cysts become infective within only 1 day.

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Advances in Parasitology, Volume 84 by D. Rollinson (Eds.)


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