By John David Smith
An outdated Creed for the recent South: Proslavery Ideology and Historiography, 1865–1918 info the slavery debate from the Civil warfare via global battle I. Award-winning historian John David Smith argues that African American slavery remained a salient metaphor for the way american citizens interpreted modern race kinfolk many years after the Civil War.Smith attracts largely on postwar articles, books, diaries, manuscripts, newspapers, and speeches to counter the assumption that debates over slavery ended with emancipation. After the Civil struggle, americans in either the North and the South endured to discuss slavery’s advantages as a hard work, felony, and academic method and as a method of racial keep watch over. The examine information how white Southerners persisted to tout slavery as worthy for either races lengthy after accomplice defeat. in the course of Reconstruction and after Redemption, Southerners endured to refine proslavery principles whereas subjecting blacks to new felony, extralegal, and social controls.An previous Creed for the recent South links pre– and post–Civil warfare racial proposal, exhibiting old continuity, and treats the Black Codes and the Jim Crow legislation in new methods, connecting those vital racial and criminal topics to highbrow and social background. even though many blacks and a few whites denounced slavery because the resource of the modern “Negro problem,” so much whites, together with past due nineteenth-century historians, championed a “new” proslavery argument. The learn additionally strains how historian Ulrich B. Phillips and innovative period students checked out slavery as a golden age of yankee race family and exhibits how a huge variety of African americans, together with Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois, answered to the proslavery argument. Such principles, Smith posits, supplied a robust racial creed for the recent South.This exam of black slavery within the American public mind—which comprises the arguments of former slaves, slaveholders, Freedmen's Bureau brokers, novelists, and essayists—demonstrates that proslavery ideology ruled racial suggestion between white southerners, and such a lot white northerners, within the 5 many years following the Civil War.
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Additional resources for An Old Creed for the New South: Proslavery Ideology and Historiography, 1865-1918
They refused to admit that blacks would work without compulsion or, at the very least, white supervision. Whites loathed surrendering the etiquette of slavery. They clutched dearly to every shred of racial control and discipline that smacked of slavery. As blacks asserted their new free status, demanding equal economic and political opportunities, white southerners scrambled to adapt the old proslavery argument to the new order of things. They resurrected virtually all of the old rationales for enslaving blacks.
To be sure, few southerners openly advocated reenslavement. Repeatedly whites denied accusations that they sought to reenslave the blacks. 1 But the spirit of slavery remained alive in the South. Proslavery ideology surfaced again immediately after the war. It lingered in every comer of the former Confederacy. S. Army officer stationed in eastern North Carolina expressed concern over the sentiments of 18 The Old Arguments Anew whites in Sampson and Duplin counties. Residents there, wrote Colonel Elias Wright, "much regret the loss of slavery ...
Neoslavery remained alive and well in the South. Their need to control the ex-slaves consumed southern whites during Reconstruction. They predicted that without white control the freedmen would either languish and become public wards or perish. " Without an arsenal of state laws regulating them, the freedmen would feed themselves inadequately, abuse their children, drink excessively, and squander their earnings. At the very least, wrote North Carolinian T. P. Devereux, penal laws should tie the black people either to the soil or to some mechanical trade.
An Old Creed for the New South: Proslavery Ideology and Historiography, 1865-1918 by John David Smith